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Friday, November 17, 2017

W3C Validation

Standards



Web pages are written in a language called Hyper Text Markup Language; HTML
The latest version of HTML is 4.01.

There is a move to upgrade the code to Extensible Hyper Text Markup Language.

XHTML is compatible with XML (EXtensible Markup Language) allowing applications to more easily exchange data.

In preparation for making the change, edit your web pages so that element and attribute names are in lower case. XHTML is case-sensitive.

Use <p> rather than <P>.

Also end tags are required. Make sure that <p> is followed by </p>.

<br> should be written <br /> and <hr> as <hr />.

For more information see:

The W3C validation site


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Saturday, November 11, 2017

New Line

Shift Enter



When you hit the Enter key, the FrontPage/Expression Web editor inserts an HTML <p> (paragraph) tag. This appears as a double line space in a Web browser.

To insert a single line space (or line break) via an HTML <br> tag, just hold down the Shift key and hit Enter.

This happens when you use the

Enter key

Here's what happens with
Shift +Enter

You could also use Insert>Break... Normal Line Break, but that takes too long.

By the way, if you want your code to be XHTML compliant, use lower case for the elements and pair every <p> with a closing </p>

Differences with HTML

Single elements can be used with a built in closer such as:
<hr /> or <br />


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Monday, November 06, 2017

VVe have a few Phakes

VVorrisome URLs


If there weren't enough things to look out for, Paul Ferguson warns us of the use of a double "V" in web addresses:

VVINDOWS.COM NS NS1.MYDOMAIN.COM
VVINDOWS.COM NS NS2.MYDOMAIN.COM
VVINDOWS.COM NS NS3.MYDOMAIN.COM
VVINDOWSVISTA.COM NS DNS1.MALKM.COM
VVINDOWSVISTA.COM NS DNS2.MALKM.COM

Here are a few of the domains that have been registered:

VVindows


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Monday, October 30, 2017

Define URL Parts

More than dot com


Google engineer and blogger Matt Cutts has defined the pieces that make up a Uniform Resource Locator.

At least as Google refers to them when they're sitting around in their backrooms
Domain

Dynamic URL
Fragment or a Named anchor


The Googlers I've talked to are split right down the middle on which way to refer it. Disputes on what to call it can be settled with arm wrestling, dance-offs, or drinking contests. Typically the fragment is used to refer to an internal section within a web document. In this case, the named anchor means "skip to 2 minutes and 30 seconds into the video."





Host




Parameters




Path




Port




Protocol




Second-level domain




Static url




Subdomain




Top-level domain



Parts of a URL


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Friday, October 20, 2017

CSS

Cascading Style Sheets



As a web page is formatted in Expression Web/FrontPage, the style choices are applied to each element.
To format the body of the page, the HTML code might be:

<body background="blue" color="white" font-family="times, serif" font-size=10pt>

Every page on the site would need to be coded this way in order to have a consistent look.
Cascading Style Sheets will simplify the problem. On an external page the elements can be defined like this:

body {
background: blue;
color: white;
font-family: times, serif;
font-size: 10pt


Each page would contain a reference to the CSS definitions:

<head>
<link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="mystyle.css">
</head>


When the element "body" is used it will now use the CSS references.

For more information see:

Using Cascading Style Sheets on Your Web Site - David Berry
and
Eric Meyer's Site

In this Blog:
CSS Links
and:
More Cascading Style Sheet Help


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Monday, October 16, 2017

Synch Time

Time Server


Things I've forgotten or never knew.

  1. Double click on the date and time on the taskbar to open the time applet.

  2. Click on the Internet Time tab.

  3. Choose a time server, and click on the Update Now button.

As long as you are connected to the internet, Windows will attempt to synchronize the time once per week.
You can type the name of a time server if you want to use one that is not listed. Only time servers that use the Simple Network Time Protocol (SNTP) will work. Inserting an Internet address that uses the Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) will not work. The time server time.windows.com is operated by Microsoft. The time server time.nist.gov is operated by the U.S. government. Other time servers provided by your computer's manufacturer might also be listed.



Also:
Time Flies Like an Arrow


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Thursday, September 28, 2017

How to Start a Blog

Step-by-step tutorials

"If you’re like most people, you may not know where to get started. Starting a blog can be intimidating if you don’t have the required technological skills. Not to mention that the number of options available for starting a blog can be just plain confusing. The good news is that the free step-by-step guide on this site removes any confusion from the process, and requires only the most basic computer skills. So whether you’re 8 or 88, you can have your blog ready to go in less than 20 minutes."

Theblogstarter.com

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